The Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts is the leading Slovenian research institution. It has a multidisciplinary character; in addition to the humanities, its spheres of research also cover the natural and social sciences. It consists of 18 research institutes throughout the country and has more than 350 employees, roughly 300 of whom are researchers.
ZRC SAZU conducts basic research across a range of fields, included natural, earth, and spatial sciences (palaeontology, geology, biology, zoology, botany, karst sciences, geomorphology, natural risks, hydrology, climatology, environmental protection, earth observation, and geographical information systems), and the social sciences and humanities (demography, sociomedicine, anthropology, geography, philosophy, aesthetics, ethnomusicology, musicology, ethnology, linguistics, digital humanities, literary studies, archaeology, history, cultural history, art history, and dialectology.
In terms of applied research, the expertise of the ZRC SAZU institutes has direct application in lexicography and the creation of Slovenian dictionaries; the care, preservation, protection, and management of the cultural and natural heritage; environmental protection; water resource management; professional support in building infrastructure (highways and railways), and; the development of methodology, and preventive or intervention programs for the mentally ill.
ZRC SAZU has its own publishing house and bookstore.The ZRC Publishing House publishes more than 50 book series ranging from the strictly scientific to works of general interest and nonfiction, and many scientific journals.